An emotional engagement with a person. A shared sense of emotional intimacy.

It includes affection, sympathy, charity, compassion, love and empathy.

Aroha is the prevailing substrate of goodwill and kindness, but is also often an expressive act in any of the many forms it takes across cultures.

Aroha really needs no formal translation into clinical practice.

It is in Maori what it is in all cultures. It is universally recognized as love, and universally valued and desired. It is the source of human kindness and commitment to the welfare of our fellow man.